Actions

  Print Article
  BookMark Article

Categories    Category List

  Advice
  Aging
Arts
  Arts And Crafts
  Ask An Expert
  Automotive
  Banking
  Break-up
  Budgeting
Business
  Business Management
  Cancer Survival
  Career
Cars And Trucks
  Casinos
  Causes And Organizations
  Cell Phones
  Cheating
  College And University
Computers
  Computers And Technology
Cooking
Crafts & Hobbies
  Culture
Culture And Society
Current Affairs
  Dating And Relationships
  Death
Disease & Illness
  Domain Names
  Drop Shipping
  E-Commerce
  Electronics
Entertainment
  Environment
  Etiquette
  Ezines And Newsletters
  Family Concerns
Fashion
  Fiction
Finance
  Finances
  Financial Planning
  Food And Drinks
  Forums
  Gadgets And Gizmos
  Gambling
Gardening
Health & Fitness
Home
Home & Family
  Home Business
  Home Improvement
  Home Management
  Human Resources
  Import Export
  Infants And Toddlers
  Innovation
  Inspirational
  Insurance
  Intellectual Property
Internet
Internet Business
  Jobs
  K-12
  Medical Business
  Medicines And Remedies
Men Only
  Motivational
Motorcycles
  Nature
  Opinions
Our Pets
  Personal Development
  Pets And Animals
  Podcasting
  Pregnancy And Family Pla
  Presentation
Product Reviews
  Quotes
  Recreation
Recreation & Sports
  Recreation And Leisure
Reference & Education
Relationship
  Religion And Spiritualit
  Screenplay
  Search Engines
  Self Help
Self Improvement
  Selling
  Shopping
  Short Stories
  Society
  Speaking
  Sports
  Structured Settlements
  Supplements And Vitamins
  Team Building
  Technology
  Telecommuting
  Telesales
  Television
  Tools & Resources
  Travel
Travel & Leisure
  Video
  Web Development
Weddings
  Wellness, Fitness And Di
  Womens Interest
  Work Life Balance
  World Affairs
Writing & Speaking

Online Now    Online Now

Guests Online (150)

Baiduspider (34)

Googlebot/2.1 (4)

Baiduspider (1)

SoGou (China) (1)

Author Login    Author Login

Welcome Guest! Please login or create an account.

Username:

Password:



If you do not have an account yet, you can register ( Here ), or you may retrieve a lost user/pass ( Here ).

Navigation    Navigation

   10 newest articles RSS

Author Highlights    Featured Author

shunmuga anand
chennai

View My Bio & Articles


Brayn Murphy
Na

View My Bio & Articles


Danny Guspie
Waterford

View My Bio & Articles


DisclosureDisclosure

You should assume that the owner of this website is an affiliate for the provider of goods/services mentioned on this website. Sometimes the owner may get paid a commission if you purchase the product when following a link.

There Exist A Range Of Practices That Involve Local Appropriation Of English

Author : Christ Pual

Submitted : 2010-10-19 04:57:24    Word Count : 467    Popularity:   68

Tags:   Vibram Five Fingers, Five Fingers Shoes, Vibram Five Fingers Shoes, Five Fingers KSO, Vibram KSO

Author RSS Feed   Author RSS Feed

Another problem is that even if we were to stick to national varieties, the model is unable to accommodate countries with political histories that fall outside the kinds of scenarios it presumes. In South Africa, for example, English is widely used in a range of institutional contexts such that the country can be described as having a variety of 'White South African English', which is 'in many ways comparable to Australian or New Zealand English in their respective settings'. However, this is complicated by the fact that alongside this variety of English is 'Black South African English' and 'South African Indian English'. The presence of these other Englishes complicates any attempt to(http://www.fivefingersforsale.com/vibram-five-fingers-kso-c-5.html) Five Fingers KSO decide which circle the country ought to belong to, so that responses have ranged from categorizing South Africa in the Inner Circle and ignoring the non-White Englishes, or simply leaving it out of consideration altogether.

A third problem is that there exist a range of practices that involve local appropriation of English, most notably in the domain of popular culture, that are ignored in the model as they are often closely tied to the domain of artful performance compared with more codified varieties. One such example is 'raplish', or the use of English in rap music among rappers in places such as Korea or Japan. In such cases, actors draw on a range of linguistic resources (Korean, Japanese, and African American Vernacular English) to signal affiliations that operate simultaneously at global, regional, national, and local levels, a kind of border crossing that challenges the model's attention to national boundaries. These problems, it should be noted, are not merely descriptive ones, as highlighting certain varieties while omitting others and arranging them in a space dangerously reminiscent of a center-periphery dichotomy has unavoidable implications of power.

Thus, despite Kachru's (2005: 219) claim that the concentric circles are not meant to be seen as hierarchical, critics have pointed out that(http://www.vibramshoesonsales.com/vibram-five-fingers-kso-c-5.html) Vibram KSO the model at the very least has the unintended consequence of justifying and reproducing the hegemony of Inner Circle speakers and their Englishes. For instance, because the model 'locates "nativeness" according to these circles', it has been accused of continuing to 'privilege native speakers over non-native speakers, and then ESL (English as a Second Language) speakers (nationally defined) over EFL (English as a Foreign Language) speakers (nationally defined)'. Even Kachru's (1996) re-conceptualization into a binary distinction between norm-providing countries (which would include Inner Circle countries and possibly some Outer Circle ones) and norm-dependent countries (the Expanding Circle) seems reluctant to do away with the notion that Englishes from traditional native speakers somehow deserve special privilege.

Author's Resource Box

Now you can own your Five Fingers Shoes at a fraction of the cost .

Article Source:
www.1ArticleWorld.com

 

  Report Article
Badly Written Offensive Content Spam
Bad Author Links Mis-spellings Bad Formatting
Bad Author Photo Good Article!